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CentOS 安装 supervisor 进程管理工具

[Python] CentOS 安装 supervisor 进程管理工具

supervisor 是python的进程管理工具,可以用来把自己写的脚本变成进程,每时每刻不断地跑,而中断时又能自动重启,开机运行。

1 – 安装 setuptools (python2)

yum install python-setuptools

2 – 安装 supervisor (只支持python2)

easy_install或者pip安装,注意supervisor当前只有python2支持的版本。

pip install supervisor

检查是否安装成功

[root@VMServer meld3-0.6.5] # python2.6
Python 2.6.6 (r266:84292, Jul 23 2015, 15:22:56)
[GCC 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-11)] on linux2
Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license” for more information.
>>> import supervisor
>>>

3 – 生成配置文件

echo_supervisord_conf > /etc/supervisord.conf

如果上面的命令运行报错

Traceback (most recent call last):
File “/usr/bin/echo_supervisord_conf”, line 5, in <module>
from pkg_resources import load_entry_point
File “/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pkg_resources.py”, line 2655, in <module>
working_set.require(__requires__)
File “/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pkg_resources.py”, line 648, in require
needed = self.resolve(parse_requirements(requirements))
File “/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pkg_resources.py”, line 546, in resolve
raise DistributionNotFound(req)
pkg_resources.DistributionNotFound: meld3>=0.6.5

解决方法:进入/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/supervisor-3.3.1-py2.6.egg-info/requires.txt 将meld3 >= 0.6.5 这一行注释掉,再重新执行即可。

4 – 修改配置文件

vi /etc/supervisord.conf, 修改蓝色的部分

; Sample supervisor config file.
;
; For more information on the config file, please see:
http://supervisord.org/configuration.html
;
; Notes:
;  – Shell expansion (“~” or “$HOME”) is not supported.  Environment
;    variables can be expanded using this syntax: “%(ENV_HOME)s”.
;  – Comments must have a leading space: “a=b ;comment” not “a=b;comment”.

[unix_http_server]
file=/tmp/supervisor.sock   ; (the path to the socket file)
chmod=0700                 ; socket file mode (default 0700)
;chown=nobody:nogroup       ; socket file uid:gid owner
username=user              ; (default is no username (open server))
password=123               ; (default is no password (open server))

;[inet_http_server]          ; inet (TCP) server disabled by default
;port=127.0.0.1:9001        ; (ip_address:port specifier, *:port for all iface)
;username=user              ; (default is no username (open server))
;password=123               ; (default is no password (open server))

[supervisord]
logfile=/tmp/supervisord.log ; (main log file;default $CWD/supervisord.log)
logfile_maxbytes=50MB        ; (max main logfile bytes b4 rotation;default 50MB)
logfile_backups=10           ; (num of main logfile rotation backups;default 10)
loglevel=info                ; (log level;default info; others: debug,warn,trace)
pidfile=/tmp/supervisord.pid ; (supervisord pidfile;default supervisord.pid)
nodaemon=false               ; (start in foreground if true;default false)
minfds=1024                  ; (min. avail startup file descriptors;default 1024)
minprocs=200                 ; (min. avail process descriptors;default 200)
;umask=022                   ; (process file creation umask;default 022)
;user=chrism                 ; (default is current user, required if root)
;identifier=supervisor       ; (supervisord identifier, default is ‘supervisor’)

;directory=/tmp              ; (default is not to cd during start)
;nocleanup=true              ; (don’t clean up tempfiles at start;default false)
;childlogdir=/tmp            ; (‘AUTO’ child log dir, default $TEMP)
;environment=KEY=”value”     ; (key value pairs to add to environment)
;strip_ansi=false            ; (strip ansi escape codes in logs; def. false)

; the below section must remain in the config file for RPC
; (supervisorctl/web interface) to work, additional interfaces may be
; added by defining them in separate rpcinterface: sections
[rpcinterface:supervisor]
supervisor.rpcinterface_factory = supervisor.rpcinterface:make_main_rpcinterface

[supervisorctl]
serverurl=unix:///tmp/supervisor.sock ; use a unix:// URL  for a unix socket
;serverurl=http://127.0.0.1:9001 ; use an http:// url to specify an inet socket
;username=chris              ; should be same as http_username if set
;password=123                ; should be same as http_password if set
;prompt=mysupervisor         ; cmd line prompt (default “supervisor”)
;history_file=~/.sc_history  ; use readline history if available

; The below sample program section shows all possible program subsection values,
; create one or more ‘real’ program: sections to be able to control them under
; supervisor.

;[program:theprogramname]
;command=/bin/cat              ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args)
;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s)
;numprocs=1                    ; number of processes copies to start (def 1)
;directory=/tmp                ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd)
;umask=022                     ; umask for process (default None)
;priority=999                  ; the relative start priority (default 999)
;autostart=true                ; start at supervisord start (default: true)

;startsecs=1                   ; # of secs prog must stay up to be running (def. 1)
;startretries=3                ; max # of serial start failures when starting (default 3)
;autorestart=unexpected        ; when to restart if exited after running (def: unexpected)
;exitcodes=0,2                 ; ‘expected’ exit codes used with autorestart (default 0,2)
;stopsignal=QUIT               ; signal used to kill process (default TERM)
;stopwaitsecs=10               ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10)
;stopasgroup=false             ; send stop signal to the UNIX process group (default false)
;killasgroup=false             ; SIGKILL the UNIX process group (def false)
;user=chrism                   ; setuid to this UNIX account to run the program
;redirect_stderr=true          ; redirect proc stderr to stdout (default false)
;stdout_logfile=/a/path        ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stdout_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stdout_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stdout logfile backups (default 10)
;stdout_capture_maxbytes=1MB   ; number of bytes in ‘capturemode’ (default 0)
;stdout_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stdout writes (default false)
;stderr_logfile=/a/path        ; stderr log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stderr_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stderr_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stderr logfile backups (default 10)
;stderr_capture_maxbytes=1MB   ; number of bytes in ‘capturemode’ (default 0)
;stderr_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stderr writes (default false)
;environment=A=”1″,B=”2″       ; process environment additions (def no adds)
;serverurl=AUTO                ; override serverurl computation (childutils)

; The below sample eventlistener section shows all possible
; eventlistener subsection values, create one or more ‘real’
; eventlistener: sections to be able to handle event notifications
; sent by supervisor.

;[eventlistener:theeventlistenername]
;command=/bin/eventlistener    ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args)
;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s)
;numprocs=1                    ; number of processes copies to start (def 1)

;events=EVENT                  ; event notif. types to subscribe to (req’d)
;buffer_size=10                ; event buffer queue size (default 10)
;directory=/tmp                ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd)
;umask=022                     ; umask for process (default None)
;priority=-1                   ; the relative start priority (default -1)
;autostart=true                ; start at supervisord start (default: true)
;startsecs=1                   ; # of secs prog must stay up to be running (def. 1)
;startretries=3                ; max # of serial start failures when starting (default 3)
;autorestart=unexpected        ; autorestart if exited after running (def: unexpected)
;exitcodes=0,2                 ; ‘expected’ exit codes used with autorestart (default 0,2)
;stopsignal=QUIT               ; signal used to kill process (default TERM)
;stopwaitsecs=10               ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10)
;stopasgroup=false             ; send stop signal to the UNIX process group (default false)
;killasgroup=false             ; SIGKILL the UNIX process group (def false)
;user=chrism                   ; setuid to this UNIX account to run the program
;redirect_stderr=false         ; redirect_stderr=true is not allowed for eventlisteners
;stdout_logfile=/a/path        ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stdout_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stdout_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stdout logfile backups (default 10)
;stdout_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stdout writes (default false)
;stderr_logfile=/a/path        ; stderr log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stderr_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stderr_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stderr logfile backups (default 10)
;stderr_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stderr writes (default false)
;environment=A=”1″,B=”2″       ; process environment additions
;serverurl=AUTO                ; override serverurl computation (childutils)

; The below sample group section shows all possible group values,
; create one or more ‘real’ group: sections to create “heterogeneous”
; process groups.

;[group:thegroupname]

;programs=progname1,progname2  ; each refers to ‘x’ in [program:x] definitions
;priority=999                  ; the relative start priority (default 999)

; The [include] section can just contain the “files” setting.  This
; setting can list multiple files (separated by whitespace or
; newlines).  It can also contain wildcards.  The filenames are
; interpreted as relative to this file.  Included files *cannot*
; include files themselves.

;[include]
;files = relative/directory/*.ini

[group: abc]
#programs=abc-4000
programs=abc-4000,abc-4001,abc-4002,abc-4003

[program:abc-7000]
command= python /var/www/abc/1.py –port=4000
directory= /var/www/abc
user= root
autorestart=true
stdout_log_file=log_path
loglevel=info

[program:abc-4001]
command= python /var/www/abc/1.py –port=4001
directory= /var/www/abc
user= root
autorestart=true
stdout_log_file=log_path
loglevel=info

[program:rms-4002]
command= python /var/www/abc/1.py –port=4002
directory= /var/www/abc
user= root
autorestart=true
stdout_log_file=log_path
loglevel=info

只写一个进程的时候

[program:test01]
command = /usr/bin/python /root/d_test.py
directory = /root
user = root
autostart = True
autorestart = true

5 – 配置启动文件

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord,写入配置

#!/bin/bash
#
# supervisord   This scripts turns supervisord on
#
# Author:       Mike McGrath <mmcgrath@redhat.com> (based off yumupdatesd)
#
# chkconfig:    – 95 04
#
# description:  supervisor is a process control utility.  It has a web based
#               xmlrpc interface as well as a few other nifty features.
# processname:  supervisord
# config: /etc/supervisord.conf
# pidfile: /var/run/supervisord.pid
#

# source function library
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

RETVAL=0

start() {
echo -n $”Starting supervisord: ”
daemon supervisord
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/supervisord
}

stop() {
echo -n $”Stopping supervisord: ”
killproc supervisord
echo
[ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/supervisord
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

case “$1″ in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
restart|force-reload|reload)
restart
;;
condrestart)
[ -f /var/lock/subsys/supervisord ] && restart
;;
status)
status supervisord
RETVAL=$?
;;
*)
echo $”Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|reload|force-reload|condrestart}”
exit 1
esac

exit $RETVAL

保存退出后修改权限为可执行

chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord

6 – 启动supervisor

service supervisord start

7 – 查看supervisor进程

检查supervisor是否运行,supervisor设定的python脚本是否运行

ps -ef | grep .py

[root@vm-vc02-SR910 init] # supervisorctl
Server requires authentication
Username:user
Password:
rms:rms-9000                     RUNNING   pid 55189, uptime 0:33:36
supervisor>

8 – 查看supervisor日志

tail /tmp/supervisord.log